Before a write-up is accepted for publication, this has to be reviewed by researchers doing work in the field that is samereferees).

Before a write-up is accepted for publication, this has to be reviewed by researchers doing work in the field that is samereferees).

The most important characteristic of an academic or scholarly paper is that it has to pass an academic quality assessment before it can be published in an academic journal (the DEFSA website is an authorised ePublication). This control process is called peer-reviewing and it is designed to guarantee the academic standard of an article.

What exactly is an academic research paper?

An paper that is academic not a social commentary, an opinion or a "blog". An academic paper starts with a thesis - the author of the academic paper is designed to persuade readers of a concept or solution to a problem centered on EVIDENCE - not personal opinion.

Academic writing should present the reader with an argument that is informed. To make an informed argument, you must first try to sort out what you know about an interest from what you think or feel about a topic. You can start by posing a relevant question that will lead to your idea (in which case, your idea would be the response to your question), you can also make a thesis statement. Or you can do both: you are able to ask a concern and immediately suggest the solution that your particular essay will argue.

The investigation process is certainly not simply collecting data, evidence, or "facts," then copy-and-pasting" this information that is preexisting a paper. Instead, the research process is approximately investigation —asking questions and developing answers through serious critical thinking and thoughtful reflection. Most research involve at least a study or questionnaire soliciting opinions from a sample that is reasonably-sized of participants.

How are Academic Papers assessed?

  1. Could be the Full Paper an accurate reflection regarding the title, abstract and keywords?
  2. Does the paper clearly state the problem, outcomes, findings or conclusions. Could be the structure associated with paper clear and logical?
  3. Does the paper clearly define the methodology, research tools and research questions?
  4. Does the paper include sufficient theory that is relevant is such knowledge clearly portrayed and correctly cited?
  5. Performs this paper present new knowledge or insights, and suggest future work in the field of design education.
  6. Are any areas of the paper weak or lacking, and just how could these be improved?
  7. Have ethical requirements been addressed, including the way the research was conducted.
  8. Does the paper adhere to the style guidelines?

In addition, papers presented at DEFSA Academic conferences are evaluated in a Double Blind Peer Review against the criteria that are following

  1. Does the paper address the conference theme?
  2. Does the paper play a role in Design Education (or closely related) focus areas? You should keep in mind that papers must address issues related to design education such as knowledge production, curriculum, pedagogy and assessment, rather than designing or the design profession.
  3. Does the paper present an academically sound argument that contributes to research output that is original?
  4. The abstract contains a short summary associated with article along with a description for the objective, method, result and conclusion of this study. Keywords (or subject words), which identify the contents associated with article, are also given when you look at the abstract. An abstract is between 300 and 500 words.

    A Full Paper can contain as much as 5 000 words, and comprises of the immediate following:


  5. Briefly describe the focus of this paper that is overall its main points
  6. Highlight background information or issues essential to comprehend the direction associated with paper. The evaluator might never be from your own field of design.
  7. Define any key terminology need to comprehend the subject
  8. Finish with your thesis statement
  9. Research Method and material

    • The methodology and methods should be reasonable for and appropriate to this which can be being studied.
    • Identify the methods used to determine and locate sources together with rationale used for selecting the sources to analyse. The detail should be sufficient so your extensive research process may be assessed, and reproduced by future researchers.
    • Explain the procedures utilized for analysing the data and coming to findings.


    • Important information is given form that is textual using tables and figures. Even unexpected or results that are negative presented.


    • The discussion is an evaluation for the results. Methodological considerations as well as the real method by which the outcomes compare to earlier research on the go are discussed.


    • Restate your thesis from the introduction in various words
    • Briefly summarise each main point found in your body associated with the paper (1-2 sentences for every point). Give a statement for the consequences of not embracing the career (argumentative paper only)
    • End with a clincher that is strong: an appropriate, meaningful final sentence that ties the complete point of the paper together


    • All documents mentioned in the article must certanly be within the bibliography so your reader is able to refer to the sources that are original.

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