Essay writing guide. Adjectives and Adverbs

Essay writing guide. Adjectives and Adverbs
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    Adjectives and Adverbs

    Definition - Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They may come before the word they describe (This is certainly a cute puppy.) Or they may follow the expressed word they describe (That puppy is cute.).

    Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, as well as other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.

    The adverbs that are only cause grammatical problems are the ones that answer the question how, so we will concentrate on these.

    He speaks slowly.
    Answers the question how.
    He speaks very slowly.
    Answers the question how slowly.

    Generally, if a expressed word answers the question how, it really is an adverb. It, place it there if it can have an ly added to.

    She thinks slow/slowly.
    She thinks how? slowly.
    She is a slow/slowly thinker.
    Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
    She thinks fast/fastly.
    Fast answers the relevant question how, so it is an adverb. But fast never has an ly attached with it.
    We performed bad/badly.
    Badly describes the way we performed.

    A unique ly rule applies when four associated with senses - taste, smell, look, feel - would be the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer fully the question how to ly determine if should always be attached. Instead, ask in the event that sense verb is being used actively. If so, use the ly.

    Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
    Do the roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
    The girl looked angry/angrily.
    Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
    Our company is only appearance that is describing so no ly.
    The woman looked angry/angrily during the paint splotches.
    Here the lady did actively look with eyes so that the ly is added.

    She feels bad/badly about the news.

    She actually is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.

    Your message good is an adjective while well is an adverb answering the question how.

    You did a good job.
    Good describes the task.

    You did the working job well.

    Well answers how.
    Today you smell good.
    Describes your odour, not the manner in which you smell with your nose, so follow because of the adjective.
    You smell well for someone with a cold.
    You will be actively smelling with a nose here so follow with the adverb.

    When talking about health, always use well.
    Examples i actually do not feel well.

    You may not look well today.

    You might use good with feel while you are not talking about health.

    I feel good about my decision to learn Spanish.

    A common error in using adjectives and adverbs arises from using not the right form for comparison. For example, to describe the one thing we might say poor, as in, "She is poor." To compare a couple of things, we should say poorer, as in, "this woman is the poorer associated with two women." To compare more than two things, we should say poorest, as with, "this woman is the poorest of them all."

    • Sweet
    • Bad
    • Efficient*
    • Sweeter
    • Worse
    • More effective*

    Three or even more

    • Sweetest
    • Worst
    • Most efficient *

    *Usually with words of three or maybe more syllables, don't add -er or -est. Use more or most in the front for the words.

    Never drop the ly from an adverb when using the comparison form.

    She spoke quickly.
    She spoke more quickly than he did.

    She spoke quicker than he did.

    Talk quietly.
    Talk more quietly.

    If this, that, these, and the ones are accompanied by nouns, these are typically adjectives. When they appear without a noun following them, these are typically pronouns.

    This house is actually for sale.
    It is an adjective here.
    This will be for sale.
    This is certainly a pronoun here.

    This and that are singular, whether or not they are increasingly being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something "over there."

    This dog is mine.
    That dog is hers.
    That is mine.
    That is hers.

    These and the ones are plural, whether they are now being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those points to something "over there."

    These babies have already been smiling for a time that is long.
    These are mine.
    Those babies have now been crying all day.
    Those are yours.

    Use than to show comparison. Use then to resolve the question when.

    I would personally rather go skiing than rock climbing.
    First we went skiing; then we went mountain climbing

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